Circular economy (CE), as a smart managerial tool, aims at sustainable development of societies by focusing on renewable sources of energy and precise management of waste to i) ensure fair access to scarce resources, ii) mitigate the negative impacts of manufacturing processes on climate change and global warming. Centring on CE, governments can formulate practical strategies at micro and macro levels for more efficient use of energy, water, and natural materials, and restricting waste disposal into the environment. Analysing the efficiency of CE-related endeavours of countries help them benchmark best practices and improve their processes to be more efficient. Since circular economy emphasizes the economic development with the least amount of undesirable environmental impacts, this research implements data envelopment analysis (DEA) to evaluate the environmental performance of the organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD) countries.
Dr. Reza Kiani Mavi is a senior lecturer of Supply Chain and Project Management in the School of Business and Law, Edith Cowan University (ECU), Australia. His research interests include eco-innovation analysis, and supply chain performance evaluation using multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques, and data envelopment analysis (DEA). He has published over 60 refereed papers in many prestigious journals such as Supply Chain Management: an International Journal, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Journal of Environmental Management, Journal of the Operational Research Society, among others. In addition to serving as the editorial board member of Technological Forecasting and Social Change, and Management Decision, Reza is an associate editor for the Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems. Dr. Kiani Mavi has secured research grants from the Australian Institute of Project Management and iMOVE Collaborative Research Centre as the chief and participating investigator.